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In a mini-trial, the parties hire attorneys to argue a condensed version of their case in front of a judge. Both parties choose a panel of members. A mini-trial is held once the case is before the court. Usually, there is a mini trial panel before which the legal advisers of each party present their case. Parties can opt for a mini trial at different stages of the actual trial. 

Once submissions are made by both parties, the panel will invite the parties to negotiate for settlement. It is not necessary that the panel act as mediator but might also advise the parties on the most probable solution after assessing the facts and merits of the case.

As the panel for mini trial is constituted on a case-to-case basis, a particular panel is dedicated towards the disposal of a particular case, and thus it can act in a more determined and speedy manner and give a suitable decision or solution.